Barbados remained a colony of England from its initial settlement in 1625 until
independence in 1966. It is the only island in the Caribbean never to have changed
hands during the bitter British/European battles for colonies. Barbados continues
to be a member of the British Commonwealth.
|There is a statue of Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson in
Bridgetown (erected 23 March 1813) that predates the
statue in England (column built in 1843, statue added
in 1849) by 36 years.
The Garrison is the second oldest British Military Garrison in the Western Hemisphere,
and the Barbados Regiment is the second oldest British Regiment ever, having
been established just 10 years after the Scottish Regiment.
Many British place names including: Worthing, Hastings, Queen
Victoria Road, Princess Alice Highway, Queen Mary Road, Oxford,
Carlton, Rockhampton Road, Dover, Buckingham Road, Plymouth
Square, Queen Street, Bristol, Newcastle, Brighton, Kensington,
Nelson Street, King George V Memorial Park, Queen Elizabeth
Hospital, Prince Alfred Street, Yorkshire, Bath, Cambridge,
Prince Alfred Street, Prince William Henry Street, Victoria
Street, Manchester Middle Street, Liverpool Lane, Lancaster
Lane, and Princess Margaret Secondary School.
There are some American place names including Philadelphia Lane, Miami Beach,
George Washington House, Washington Avenue, and President Kennedy Drive
Some unusual place names in Barbados include: Macaroni Village, Jericho, Eagle
Hall, French Village, Flagstaff, Six Men's Bay, Mile & A Quarter, Sweet
Bottom, Jack-in-the-Box Gully, Pie Corner, Half Moon Fort, Horse Hill, Sugar
Hill, Coffee Gully, Easy Hall, Indian Ground, Lion Castle, Apes Hill, Lightfoot
Lane, Bachelor's Lane, Maiden's Lane, Lakes Folly, Arthur's Seat, Mount Misery.
The Treaty of Oistins was negotiated and signed at The Mermaid Tavern in
Oistins in Barbados in 1652. The Barbadian planters of the day had not supported
Oliver Cromwell in his policies and he sent a fleet to subdue the upstarts.
The Barbadians repulsed them. Out of this standoff between the Barbadian planters
and the Cromwell government in England came the Treaty of Oistins. The treaty
contains a clause that reads "That no taxes, customs, imports or excise shall
be laid, nor levy made on any of the inhabitants of this island without their
consent in a General Assembly." This principle was adopted by the 13 American
colonies in 1773 when they dumped 342 chests of tea, on which the British
had imposed a tax, into Boston Harbour - an event known as the Boston Tea
Party. This concept of 'No Taxation Without Representation' was subsequently
included in the American Declaration of Independence in 1775. A careful reading
of the two documents would reveal that about half of the Treaty of Oistins
has been incorporated into the American Declaration of Independence.
The Parliament in Barbados is one of the oldest
in the western hemisphere (and the third oldest in the world)
dating back to 1639.
Codrington College is the oldest Anglican/Episcopal Theological
Seminary established in the western hemisphere built in 1743.
Its Palladian buildings, lake and magnificent avenue of cabbage
palm trees create a magical setting. The Principal's Lodge
dates back to 1670.
The Garrison Historical Area
in St. Michael with its barracks, guard houses, prison (now
a Museum), magazines, hospitals, cemetery and residences was
established in 1780 to serve the British Navy and Army in the
wars with the French. Much of it can be explored on foot.
Morgan Lewis Sugar Mill is the largest and only complete
sugar windmill surviving in the Caribbean. The wind-driven
machinery that was used to grind sugarcane in the 18th and
19th centuries is still intact.
|The St. Nicholas Abbey was built in 1660 and is one
of only three genuine Jacobean mansions surviving in
the Western hemisphere. It is distinguished by elegant
curved Dutch gables, chimney stacks and coral stone finials,
a Chinese Chippendale staircase, fine antiques and china.
A rare 1930s film of sugar plantation life can be viewed
The only visit of George Washington (later
President George Washington) outside of North America
was to Barbados in 03 November 1751. He spent seven weeks
here at Bush Hill House visiting his half-brother Lawrence
who was recovering from tuberculosis. The house is presently
under renovation as a site of historical significance.
|Harrison 's Cave
A unique phenomenon of nature, Harrison's Cave is an amazing
gallery of stalactites hanging from the roof of the cave, and stalagmites that
emerge from the ground, with streams of crystal-clear running water that drop
from breathtaking waterfalls to form deep emerald pools.
The stalactites and stalagmites were
formed over thousands of years and in some places the
stalactites have reached down to the stalagmites and
a spectacular pillar has been formed. Visitors are
driven in electrically operated trams down through
the extensive system of caves and at the lowest level
point in the cave, visitors are invited to leave the
tram and walk alongside a spectacular waterfall which
plunges into a deep pool below .... This is truly an "awesome
Barbados with a population of only 265,000 has produced 'greats' in many
areas of endeavour including:
Cricket: - Sir Garfield Sobers (Greatest All-Rounder ever to play the
game and former world record holder for highest test match score in a
single innings); Sir Everton Weekes, Sir Frank Worrell, Sir Clyde Walcott
(three great batsmen also known as the Three W's); Malcolm Marshall (one
of the great bowlers of all time and former world record holder for total
wickets taken in tests)
- Ronald 'Suki' King - current World Three-Move Restriction
Track & Field: - Obadele Thompson, Bronze medallist in the 100m at
the 2000 Sydney Olympics.